The Ferrari GTO, also known by the unofficial abbreviation Ferrari 288 GTO, is a car produced by the Italian car manufacturer Ferrari between 1984 and 1985 in only 272 units.
The development of the GTO, also known by the unofficial abbreviation 288 (2.8 liters, 8 cylinders), was started starting from the mechanics of the 308 GTB to participate in the Group B races.
The head designer Ferrari, Mauro Forghieri, involved in the design of the new model also Michelotto Automobili (stable that ran with some 308 GTB  equipped with fiberglass body).
View from the top of a 288; note the numerous cooling sockets on the engine compartment
To underline the derivation from the 308 GTB of the 288 GTO, presented at the Geneva Motor Show in 1984, also contributed to the Pininfarina line. Aesthetically, the new Maranello sports appeared like a 308 GTB with a more extreme look and aesthetics, being a further exasperation of what was proposed in terms of style with the 308 GTB Speciale, also known as Millechiodi: the wings are widened to accommodate 225/225 tires 55VR16 front and 265 / 50VR16 behind, the rear spoiler is increased, the side slits recall those of the 250 GTO, under the grille a generous spoiler housed the light clusters and the completely new body was kevlar. The V8 engine, whose displacement had been reduced to 2855 cm³ (and from which derived the engine of the Lancia LC2-prototype sports), was supercharged by two IHI turbochargers with two intercoolers and was mounted longitudinally, unlike the 308 GTB equipped with a group transverse engine-gearbox. The gearbox, equipped with an oil cooler, was also mounted cantilevered behind the engine. It was the first Ferrari equipped with electronic injection derived from Formula 1, called Weber-Marelli IAW, which improved its fluidity of delivery, while maintaining the vocation of racing cars.
With a boost pressure of 0.9 bar and 400 hp of maximum power and 496 Nm, for the 288 GTO were declared 305 km / h of maximum speed and a time of 12.7 seconds to cover the 400 meters starting from a standstill . Despite the performance data of the car, devoid of electronic control devices, it was very difficult to control due to the lack of power supply, due to the delayed response of the turbo engines of those years.
The competition program was never completed, but the 272 GTO models, all produced in the classic Rosso Corsa color, were quickly sold by reservation, even before the car went into production.
His heir was the 1987 F40, with an evolution of the same engine.
August 1st, 2018
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