Tropical and diverse, the genus Fuchsia contains well over 100 species. Most are woody evergreen shrubs or trees and tropical in origin, though many cultivated varieties are grown in temperate zones as herbaceous tender perennials. Fuchsia species can be found in Mexico, South and Central America and a few Pacific islands.
There are literally hundreds of Fuchsia cultivars. All are grown for their brilliant, tubular, pendulous flowers that come in vivid shades of red, magenta, royal purple, white, salmon and pink. Flowers may be single, semi-double or double.
If grown in tropical regions, Fuchsia trees or shrubs have dense, upright habits and oval to lance-shaped leaves of bright to dark green. Their branches are often arching. In temperate zones, they are favored ornamentals for containers or hanging baskets.
Most fuchsias grow best in partial sun and rich, evenly moist garden loam. They are susceptible to a number of common insect pests to include white flies, thrips and spider mites....