Part of section through the pes hippocampi major (of a rabbit). The hippocampus is located in the medial temporal lobe of the brain. It plays important roles in the consolidation of information from short-term memory to long-term memory, and in spatial memory that enables navigation. This was drawn by Santiago Ramon y Cajal (1852-1934), a Spanish pathologist, histologist, neuroscientist, and Nobel laureate (1906). His original pioneering investigations of the microscopic structure of the brain have led to his being designated by many as the father of modern neuroscience. His medical artistry was legendary, and hundreds of his drawings illustrating the delicate arborizations of brain cells are still in use for educational and training purposes.
March 16th, 2017
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