Graves at the Terezin Cemetery near Prague in the Czech #Republic, or Czechia. A foggy, dreary day only added to the somber mood.
Early in World War II, Germany directed the Gestapo to adapt Terezín, better known by the German name Theresienstadt, as a ghetto and concentration camp. It held primarily Jews from Czechoslovakia, as well as tens of thousands of Jews deported from other countries, as well. More than 150,000 Jews were sent there, including 15,000 children.
Although it was not an extermination camp, about 33,000 died in the ghetto, mostly from the appalling conditions arising out of extreme population density, malnutrition and disease. About 88,000 inhabitants were deported to Auschwitz and other extermination camps. At the end of the war, there were 17,247 survivors of Theresienstadt (including some who had survived the death camps).
Part of the fortification, the Small Fortress, served as the largest Gestapo prison in the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia. It was on the other side of the river from the ghetto and operated separately. Around 90,000 people went through it on their way to death camps, and 2,600 died there.
February 7th, 2018
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